Adjusting the human frame, especially the spine and pelvis is the defining feature of the chiropractic profession.
Patients may be suffering from deficiencies in feedback (proprioception) from nerve endings in their spine and surrounding tissues(1). Sitting for long periods may not stimulate this system. Spinal adjustments may enhance feedback from deficient joints back to the brain (2).
So old concepts such as “a bone out place”, or “muscle weakness”, have gradually changed to incorporate newer evidence about the role of spinal control mechanisms.
The chiropractor will use “hands on” techniques or instruments to make “adjustments” to your spine, with the goal of improving movement control (3).
1. O’Sullivan PB, Burnett A, Floyd AN, Gadsdon K, Logiudice J, Miller D, Quirke H. Lumbar repositioning deficit in a specific low back pain population. SPINE 2003; 28 (1): 1074-1079
2.Pickar JG, Kang YM. Paraspinal muscle spindle responses to the duration of a spinal manipulation under force control. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2005; 29:22-31.
3.Mieritz, R. M., Hartvigsen, J., Boyle, E., Jakobsen, M. D., Aagaard, P., & Bronfort, G. (2014). Lumbar motion changes in chronic low back pain patients: a secondary analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial. The Spine Journal, 14(11), 2618–2627. doi:10.1016/j.spinee.2014.02.038